Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Head - F.
Deputy - M. Sobotka
|The Solar Physics Department studies our nearest star, the Sun, particularly the active phenomena in the solar atmosphere. This includes solar flares as well as accompanying heliospheric effects. Large-scale solar activity, evolution of solar active regions, the structure and evolution of sunspots and filaments, flare-energy storage, release and transport are studied. The research of the Solar Department can be characterized as a combination of computer-controlled solar observations in optical, radio and X-ray wavebands, analysis and interpretations of data, and theoretical research with extensive numerical modeling of the processes under study. All these activities are based on close cooperation with many institutes in Austria, Croatia, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Japan, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Spain and the U.S.A. This cooperation includes exchange of various data and their theoretical interpretation, as well as our participation in some of the ground-based and space projects.|